Political and administrative decentralization of Mali - PACT
Since 1992, Mali has made significant progress in terms of decentralization and has laid some of the foundations for the country’s political and administrative decentralization. The delegation of tasks from the central state to local authorities, although initiated, remains incomplete, particularly with regard to the transfer of financial resources and staff. The Malian Government considers the systematic deepening of decentralization as an essential tool for Mali’s development and as a key factor for the “peace dividends” resulting from the Algiers peace process. The objective of the Sahel Alliance and German Development Cooperation is to increase the effectiveness of the Malian State in its functions of mobilizing financial resources, regional economic development, providing basic public services in local authorities and respecting the principles of good governance.
The goal of the Program is to support local authorities in their provision of basic public services to the Malian population, particularly health, education, water and communal administrative services. The program aims to preserve a degree of financial latitude for municipalities to guarantee a basic social service offering for their citizens. With the National Agency for Investment in Local Authorities (ANICT) and the National Fund for the Support of Local Authorities (FNACT), the project co-funds economic and social investments for around 770 local authorities in Mali. At the same time, and along with the Court of Auditors of the Supreme Court, the project supports national control mechanisms with the goal of improving sound financial management in the funded local authorities. With this approach on a national scale, it reaches the majority of the Malian population, about 15 million people.
Improving the efficiency of local authorities
Progress and achievements in 2019:
In 2018, 54.7 million euros were made available to finance investments. In addition to the Malian State, Germany, Luxembourg, France and (indirectly through budget support) the European Union contribute to it. In 2018, a total amount of approximately €12.1 million was allocated to 233 local authorities in the Kayes, Koulokoro and Sikasso regions. Of these, 470 are municipal projects funded by KfW, about two thirds of which are devoted to school construction and equipment.
Since 2011, a total of 1760 individual project contracts have been concluded between the Agence National d’Investissements des Collectivités Territoriale (ANICT) and local authorities. Of these, 1742 projects have been implemented by the end of 2018. Almost two thirds of the projects concern the construction of social and economic infrastructure and the construction and maintenance of roads; the others concern the purchase of equipment (e. g. school furniture, IT equipment, furniture) for municipal administrative buildings.
For 2019, the construction of markets in four cities in the region of Ségou (Barouéli, Bla, San) and Mopti (Bandiagara) has been selected, as well as infrastructure projects aimed at reconciliation and peacebuilding, such as
– Extension of the Gandamia Community Health Centre (a maternity unit, a hospital room and reinforcement of the technical platform)
– Construction of three improved village water systems in the rural commune of Gandamia (positive boreholes equipped with water towers and accessories)
– Construction of a Water Supply System in Duma
– Construction of a Youth Hostel in Dioura
Photo credit : Emmanuelle Andrianjafy – AFD